Gardner Read: Symphony No. 4; Marcel Dick: Adagio and Rondo
Liner Notes   Cat. No. NWCRL525     Release Date: 2011-07-15
Cleveland Orchestra; Lorin Maazel, Conductor


Marcel Dick, born in 1898 in Miskolcz, Hungary, received his earliest formal musical training at the Royal Academy in Budapest, where he studied violin with Joseph Bloch and Rezso Kemeny and theory and composition with Victor Herzfeld and Zoltan Kodaly. He was awarded his degree in violin in 1915 and became Professor of Music in 1917; further studies were interrupted by World War I. Before emigrating to the United States in 1934, Dick enjoyed a successful career as both an orchestral and chamber performer, appearing with the Budapest Opera, the Budapest Philharmonic, the Volksoper in Vienna (as assistant concertmaster) and the Vienna Symphony Orchestra (as principal violist 1923 to 1934). A member of several noted string quartets, Dick co-founded the famous Kolisch Quartet in 1924 at the suggestion of Arnold Schoenberg. In that same year, Schoenberg invited Dick to premiere his Serenade, Op. 24; he was to remain Dick's mentor, colleague and friend for many years.

Gardner Read writes:

"While using the time-tested forms I like to treat them differently each time - to add something unusual or distinctive in their application. But, as a foil to this seemingly intellectual approach, my music is basically romantic in mood, and color and sonority play a very important part. For instance: my first symphony (premiered in 1937 by the New York Philharmonic-Symphony under Sir John Barbirolli) has four extended movements, the first being a frenetic scherzo, followed by a slow movement and a concluding sonata-allegro, thus reversing the normal positions of first and third movements in the Classical and early Romantic symphonies. My third symphony, premiered in 1962 by the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra under William Steinberg, also relies on three movements; two of them, however, utilize the familiar Baroque forms of passacaglia, chorale and fugue. Symphony No. 4 is divided into two fairly long movements, of which the first is slow and the last is a kind of scherzo-rondo that recalls material from the first movement...



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Cleveland Orchestra

Gardner Read: Symphony No. 4; Marcel Dick: Adagio and Rondo

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Track Listing

Symphony No. 4: I. Largo con intenzita, Tranquillo assai
Gardner Read
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Symphony No. 4: II. Lento sostenuto; Allegro scherzando
Gardner Read
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Adagio and Rondo
Marcel Dick
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